Разработка урока на английском языке «Christmas Holiday» для 6-х классов

Целями данного урока является:

  1. Ознакомление с Рождественскими традициями и обычаями Великобритании и сравнение их с Российскими традициями и обычаями.

  2. Закрепление ранее изученного грамматического материала The Present Perfect Tense.

  3. Проверка навыков разговорной речи, умение понимать речь на слух и выразить свое отношение к услышанному.

Оформление урока предлагается делать произвольно, в соответствии с традициями Великобритании. ( Рождественская елка, венки, свечи, носки с подарками, рождественские пироги для завершающего урок чаепития)

  • Урок проходит в соревновательной и игровой форме, команда- победительница награждается призом, команды-участницы также получают рождественские подарки.



Christmas is а Christian holiday. It is the birthday of Jesus Christ.

In our country it is on the 7th of January. In the Roman Church it is on the 25th of December. To people all over the world it is а time to get together with all relatives and friends and to get and give presents.

Some families open their presents on Christmas Eve, December 24th, give Christmas Resolutions, sing Christmas carols and songs, play games. Some people go to their church for Christmas service. Many families with children leave Christmas cookies, wassail (святочное хождение из дома в дом с пением рождественских гимнов) or eggnog (яичный желток, растертый с сахаром, с добавлением сливок молока или спиртного напитка), and perhaps a carrot or two by the fireplace. Little children go to bed and dream of what presents they’ll find under the tree when they wake up. Most children believe that а magical person Santa Claus will visit them. «He is а cheerful old man with а beard that’s long and a white, cherry nose, а cap on head and а suit that’s red.» He comes down the chimney and leaves presents for the family.

There are а lot of Christmas customs and traditions in Britain. One of them is to hang stockings on the mantel to be filled with presents.

The next one is the Christmas Tree which is decorated with coloured glass balls and toys, sweets, bells. There is usually а bright star or the figure of the Christmas angel at the top of the tree.

Decorating the house with «boughs of holly» (сук, ветка, падуб) is an old British custom. It is а bush with red berries and glossy leaves.

Mistletoe is another Christmas symbol. It is tied with ribbons and hung up in doorways. By custom anyone standing under the mistletoe gets to be kissed.

In front of most churches the Jesus’ place of birth is usually represented. Here we can see Joseph, Mary, stable animals — sheep, cows, goats, shepherds, angels, the wise men, and of course, the baby Jesus asleep in his manger (Eight reindeer — their names: Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donder, Blitzen.)


1. Music «Silent Night».

2. Introductory talk:

T.: Today we’re having not a usual lesson. It’s a holiday today. Don’t you know what holiday it is?

P’: It’s Christmas.

T.: Thank you. You are absolutely right. Every year in December people of all Christian World celebrate the birthday of Jesus Christ — that’s why we call this time Christmas. It is a magical season when families and friends get together to share the customs and traditions which have been around for centuries. A little later we’ll talk about the most important customs and traditions of the holiday, but first let’s try to understand what’s the origin of this holiday, when and where it was born.

3. Questions:

You know that this holiday appeared many centuries ago.

Can you tell me who was Jesus’ mother? (Mary)

Who was his father? (Joseph)

What city was he born in? (Bethlehem)

Where was he born? (In the stable, in the manger)

4. T.: I am very pleased that you remember these names. I have one more question to you. People in Europe celebrate this holiday on the 25th of December, but when do we celebrate Christmas in Russia? (on the 7th of January).

5. That’s all right. We celebrate it on January, 7. Every country has its own customs and traditions and today let’s talk a little about British ways of celebrating Christmas.

T.: Christmas has been celebrated in England for thousands of years. According to the legend, King Arthur started it in the city of York in 571. People

nowadays start preparing for the holiday in the beginning of December. People buy lots of presents and send cards to their friends and relatives. It is mostly a family holiday. Englishmen decorate their houses with green leaves, paper decorations, Christmas Trees and colourful electric lights and glass toy s, balls and beds.

Holly and mistletoe are the plants symbolizing Christmas. Red and green are the traditional colours of Christmas. Green represents the continuance of life through the winter. Red symbolizes the blood of Jesus at his Crusifixion. But the main symbol of Christmas is the Christmas Tree.

The first Christmas Tree came to England in 1841. Queen Victoria’s husband Prince Albert brought it over from Germany.

Nowadays, in London, near the statue of Lord Nelson in Trafalgar Square, a giant Christmas Tree is set up and decorated each year. The Tree is a present from the people in Oslo, Norway.

6. T.: — What do people usually do on Christmas?

P1, P2, P3: — They buy presents, decorate the trees, make holiday dinner, sing Christmas songs, go to church, play games. T.: What do children usually do on Christmas?

Ps: They hang stockings, wait for presents, play games, eat a lot of tasty things, etc

T.: Whom do children wait for on Christmas Eve?

Ps: Santa Claus.

7. Now the students recite poems about this magic person. My pupils recite poems.

The pupils recite poems, which were given to them at the previous lessons. (the poems are at the beginning of the plan) (Приложение 1 )

8. Games.

Т.: ОК. This is Santa Claus. Let’s describe him. What does he look like? What does he wear? What has he got in his hands?

Ps: — а man with… (a cherry nose)

— dressed in… (a red costume)

— he has got… (a sack of presents in his hands)

Т.: The most important thing about Santa is that he always brings presents for children! Lots of presents. And today Santa Claus has sent you presents, chocolates and sweets, but he wants you to answer his questions, play Christmas games and do Christmas crosswords and puzzles.

You are sitting at the desks and you are three teams (the children choose the cards, proposed to them):

1) What are the names of your teams?

а) Snowflakes

b) Snowmen

с) Santa Clauses

2) What can you tell us about:

snowflakes, snowmen, Santa Clause. Describe them.

The children describe a snowman, a snowflake, Santa.

3) Santa has sent you letters — read them and

— put the paragraphs in order

— read the letters, don’t forget that they have

a) the introduction

b) the main part

с) the conclusion

9. What is your letter about (team I, II, III)? (Приложение 2 )

The students of different teams tell about the letters of the neighbouring teams.

10. Santa Claus is very curious. He refers to your experience and he wants you to ask questions about Christmas in the Present Perfect Tense, let us revise the three forms of the verbs. Do you remember how it is formed? (Has/have + V3) (Приложение 3 )

10. To the 1st team. Ask questions in the present perfect tense (special cards for each team).

Use these verbs:

  1. to read

  2. to decorate

  3. to watch

(to the 2nd team)

Use these prompts:

  1. Christmas TV programmes

  2. Christmas Tree

  3. Christmas poems and stories about Santa Claus


Santa refers to your experience. Ask questions in the present perfect tense.

Use these verbs:

  1. to be

  2. to see

  3. to celebrate

you ever…


use these prompts:

  1. the Christmas tree

  2. to London

  3. the New Year

(to the 3rd team)


Santa refers to your experience. Ask questions in the present perfect tense.

Use these verbs:

  1. to eat

  2. to drink

  3. to sing

use these prompts:

  1. Christmas carols

  2. Christmas pudding

  3. Tea with lemon and jam for Christmas breakfast

Use the Present Perfect Tense in your questions and ask them the students of the other teams. (the beginnings of the questions are given to the teams on special cards)

  • Have you ever been to… ?

  • Have you ever seen… ?

  • Have you ever celebrated… ?

  • Have you ever eaten … ?

  • Have you ever drunk… ?

  • Have you ever sung… ?

  • Have you ever read … ?

  • Have you ever decorated… ?

  • Have you ever watched… ?

11. Santa has brought you crosswords and puzzles. Let’s do them and have (Приложение 4 )

Presents for it.

a) crosswords

Crossword on the blackboard:

  • 1 We… (decorate) a Christmas Tree with toys, glass balls, sweets and bells (what is the verb that helps to put everything on the tree?)

  • 2. The day ( or time) when we are not at school and when we get presents and are very happy (holiday)

  • People to whom we write Christmas cards (but not only our friends, Mum and Dad — they are our uncles, cousins, nephews and nieces)

  • (relatives)

  • The place where the English children hang their stockings at night

  • waiting for their presents (fireplace)

  • We dream about them all night before Christmas (presents)

  • We usually put them on, but once a year we hang them for the presents (stockings)

  • The unusual entrance through which Santa usually comes in (chimney) 8. Santa has it, it’s long and white (beard)

  • A magical person who has «a cherry nose, a cap on head, a suit that’s red». (Santa Claus)

  • A special Christmas song which is sung during Christmas time (carol)

10. Now let us sing Jingle Bells together. (Приложение 5 )

You’ve got your stockings full of presents. Besides these sweets Santa has sent you mince pies and he wants you to taste them. (the children get special stockings full of sweets and drink tea with mince pies) Thank you for the lesson! Don’t forget to congratulate your parents, relatives, teachers and friends with this charming holiday.  Let’s sing «We Wish You A Merry Christmas»,

Практическая задача урока:
Научить учащихся высказываться по ситуации «Christmas and New Year » на уровне СФЕ (5 предложений) на основе прочитанного.
2. Организовать чтение и проверку понимания текста по ситуации «Christmas and New Year in Great Britain, America and Russia»
Воспитательная задача:
1. Воспитание потребности и способности понимать образ жизни других людей.
2. Формирование потребности и способности к сотрудничеству и взаимопомощи при парной работе и работе в группах.
3. Формирование терпимого отношения и уважение мнения другого человека.
Образовательная задача:
Знакомство с особенностями празднования Рождества и Нового года в англоговорящих странах.
Развивающая задача: способствовать развитию воображения и мышления, способности классифицировать, логическому мышлению. Оснащение урока:
Текст песни «We wish you a Merry Christmas», наглядности, ЛСС как содержательная опора для высказывания, воздушные шары с пожеланиями.
Ход урока:
I этап: Организация класса
А. Приветствие: Hello, boys and girls! Imagine I am Santa Claus. I am from Great Britain.
Б. Объявление задач урока: Christmas and New Year are coming soon. Today we shall speak how people celebrate these holidays in different countries. I have a Christmas tree, help me to decorate it. If we complete the task the balloons will light up.
В.Фон. зарядка:


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